Axolotl https://petaxolotl.com Axolotl Wed, 08 Jul 2020 05:25:48 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://petaxolotl.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/cropped-Front-Cover-Hi-Res-32x32.jpg Axolotl https://petaxolotl.com 32 32 How Do Axolotls Breathe? https://petaxolotl.com/how-do-axolotls-breathe/ https://petaxolotl.com/how-do-axolotls-breathe/#respond Sun, 28 Jun 2020 05:54:00 +0000 https://petaxolotl.com/?p=225191 How do Axolotls breathe? This is one of the biggest questions that people have off of axolotls. They belong to the salamander species and therefore is considered an amphibian. How do Axolotls breathe? Due to this, axolotls can live both in land and on water. They are also able to bear eggs and come with […]

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How do Axolotls breathe? This is one of the biggest questions that people have off of axolotls. They belong to the salamander species and therefore is considered an amphibian. How do Axolotls breathe? Due to this, axolotls can live both in land and on water. They are also able to bear eggs and come with a soft skin rather than the scaly skin known to reptiles. How do Axolotls breathe? But there are several biological and physiological features of axolotls that make them unique from a typical amphibian.

Unique Axolotls

How do Axolotls breathe? Axolotl is definitely not your average animal, as they have the ‘cellular regeneration’ ability. But unlike other amphibians that leaves the water and dwells on land once they’re sexually mature, axolotls stay aquatic for the rest of their lives. Also, they’re neotenic, which means they keep their juvenile physical characteristics, such as gills, despite reaching maturity. This gives axolotls that cute and funky appearance, as their gills look like headdress on both sides of its head. Are Their wide head, big mouth, and small lidless eyes almost always guarantee you will never see any animals like them in the world.

Axolotl is one of the most unique animals you can find in the planet. They keep their larval state even when they reach adulthood and become sexually mature. Scientists call form of adaptation ‘neoteny’, which many refer as a backward step in evolution, as it keeps the specie from metamorphosis and not develop any characteristics that will allow them to dwell in land. As a result, axolotls are salamanders that live underwater for the rest of their lives. Axolotls are carnivorous, which means they have an internal carnivore anatomy, with the exception of teeth. Rather than having sharp teeth to rip and chew meat, they have pediculate teeth, which are small cone-like teeth. This is because they simply open their mouth wide and swallow their food whole.

Axolotl Respiratory System

How do Axolotls breathe? Axolotl’s respiration system is quite unique in the salamander world – they breathe using four methods. The seemingly headdress axolotls have is actually their gills. Its unique structure branches out from both sides of its head, sprawling those delicate membranes of very small capillaries called Fimbrea. The capillaries branches out from the arteries. The gills allow water to move through the tiny. Membranes, filtering oxygen and seeping it straight to the bloodstream, passing carbon dioxide back to the water. Interestingly, rather than moving around to allow water to pass through their gills, they just wiggle their gills to breathe.

Cutaneous Respiration

Cutaneous respiration means breathing directly through the skin. Axolotls have very thin and delicate skin, which allows gas to pass through with relative ease. The slimy coating on their skin also helps their breathing, which is why it’s almost always moist and active.

Buccal Respiration

Axolotls use their Buccopharnygeal membrane, which is located near the back of their throat to breathe. They flap their skin on this part of their body to allow water to pass through and absorb oxygen similar to how cutaneous respiration works. As their throat pulsates, the oxygenated water passes through the membrane, even reach the gills with the fimbriae, and across the sides, allowing the animal to breathe three ways simultaneously. Axolotls use their buccal pouch as part of their eating mechanism as well.

This may seem like a shocker, as neotenic animals such as axolotls primarily use their gills to breathe, but actually, they have lungs too. They use their lungs when oxygen level of water becomes too low, or if they just feel like it. They can swim up to the surface, swallow a bubble and send the air straight to their lungs. Sometimes, the use the air from the bubble to float for a while, and then they burp it out. As a matter of fact, as playful creatures, axolotls love to gulp bubbles. You can see them rise to the surface and take a quick gulp of air to fill their lungs. 

Salamanders

How do Axolotls breathe? Axolotls can accept organs from other axolotls, and their body won’t reject them. You can remove its segments, cut its arms, spinal cord, etc. and it will all grow back like nothing happened, and the animal will survive and live its life just fine. As a matter of fact, they can regenerate limbs up to 100 times, and each regeneration is perfect. What’s even more amazing is axolotls are far more resistant to cancer than other mammals, as a matter of fact; scientists say axolotls are up to 1000 times more resilient against cancer. This is another unique trait of axolotls. Adult axolotls are still in larval form because they do not undergo the metamorphosis stage. All types of salamanders go through metamorphosis except for axolotls. This process is known as neoteny wherein the axolotls remain in the larval form throughout their lives.  

Metamorphosis

Even though axolotls skip the metamorphosis stage, they are still highly capable of growing and reproducing. In fact, an adult axolotl can grow up to 18 inches in length. The average size of an adult axolotl is about 9 inches! Another unique characteristic for axolotls is their ability to reproduce faster than salamanders do.

The list of things that make axolotls unique continue to add up. Aside from not going through metamorphosis and having no eyelids, axolotls also have the ability to regenerate. This means that if they manage to cut off a limb, that limb has the capacity to re-grow. This is true not just for their limbs or external body parts – axolotls can also re-grow their organs such as kidney, lungs and brain! In fact, biology of axolotls had been at the center for studies on regeneration ability. Scientists are studying how regeneration occurs and if it could possibly be used for medical treatment on humans.

Biology Matters

How do Axolotls breathe? Biology of axolotls is naturally carnivorous; this explains why they tend to eat baby axolotls when you put them together in one living container. The anatomy of axolotl is therefore typically carnivore except for their teeth. An axolotl’s teeth are actually a group of small stumps or cones. The first thing they do when they eat is to grip the food and then maneuver it into position that would enable them to swallow it whole. As you can see, there are several features that make axolotls unique biologically speaking. From the absence of eyelids to their ability to re-grow limbs and organs, this amphibious species has certainly captured the attention of many, especially scientists. At the same time, axolotls are also quite popular as pets due to their unique physical characteristics that make them eye-catching.

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How to Keep Axolotls Alive? https://petaxolotl.com/how-to-keep-axolotls-alive/ Sat, 02 Nov 2019 06:56:55 +0000 http://petaxolotl.com/?p=602 How to keep axolotls alive? Axolotl keepers make use of water filter to maintain their axolotl tank conducive and also tidy to keep axolotls alive. If you want to change the water of your axolotl container regularly, you should do it at least every week. This way you won’t require filtering. How to keep axolotls […]

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How to keep axolotls alive? Axolotl keepers make use of water filter to maintain their axolotl tank conducive and also tidy to keep axolotls alive. If you want to change the water of your axolotl container regularly, you should do it at least every week. This way you won’t require filtering. How to keep axolotls alive? Axolotls secrete their waste which means you should provide an excellent water purification system to keep axolotls alive. There are great deals of good filter alternatives for axolotl storage tanks, particularly internal power filter, under – gravel filter, exterior filter (which you need to hold on the tank) as well as the canister filter. The last one provides the ideal filtration for axolotls, yet it is one of the most costly. In this article, you’ll learn how to keep axolotls alive?

Biological Filtering

Axolotls excrete lots of waste daily. Their waste remains as an ammonia, which is a really poisonous compound in unionized form. Yet this is in constant equilibrium with the ionized kind as well as through nitrification; this unsafe material is transformed to a much less dangerous type called nitrite. Then, various other microorganisms will certainly transform it to a benign form, which is nitrate (NO3). Both procedures are really essential elements of biological filtering. Nitrate is the source of repaired nitrogen (Nitrogen gas), which is necessary for plants and fungi. The plants will take in the nitrate produced by the filtering system if you have live plants in your fish tank.

Organic Filtering

The dimension of the filter needs to be right with the size of the container. You cannot utilize huge water filter on a small tank, as it will certainly cause strong water present as well as tension the axolotls. Preferably, we want to imitate the water environment of the river, yet there need to be a great actual water turn over with the filter, as not nearly enough organic filtering can likewise fail.

De – Chlorinator

Place your axolotl to the tank; make sure you de – chlorinate the water on the storage tank. Placing one tiny axolotl can impact the water, and also the development of microorganisms in the filter system but this is helpful for the biological filtering. Your water needs to be de-chlorinated. You can use a fish tank de – chlorinators, or you can also leave the water on the container for several days for a maximum of two weeks.

The water on your tank has to be cleaned on a regular basis. Specialists suggest changing around 10% to 20% of the water on a weekly basis, depending upon the amount of axolotls you have on the container. Last but not least, it is extremely vital to eliminate any type of unfiltered waste as well as uneaten food every after feeding time of your axolotl, or twice a week. You can utilize a siphon to quickly suck out waste or uneaten food.

Amputation Ain’t an Issue

Endemic in a single secluded lake in Mexico City called Lake Xochimilco, axolotls are one of the most interesting wonders of nature. With this, axolotls maintain their tails as well as elegant gills, which look like a funky headdress in both sides of its head.

But like various other salamanders, axolotls can regrow their limbs and even organs. Scientists call it cellular regrowth, which permits the pets not simply to fix problems received from injuries, yet they regrow body components, expanding them back with no indicators of the injury. Yes, you read it right, no sign of amputation such as scars! They can actually regrow more than a hundred times as well as still regrow body components perfectly, as if nothing damaged them. Axolotls possess cartilaginous skeleton, that also in fully – grown and also older ones do not calcify.

Axolotl’s Advancement and Recreation

Axolotls can breed at twelve months. Determining the sex of axolotls can be tough, unless both sexes exist to compare. For the male, their intestinal tract’s outside opening (called cloaca) is larger and also aesthetically looks more swollen on its margins. Male axolotls have narrower heads and also longer tails.

Spring is the natural reproduction period for axolotls. Water temperature and also length of the day are 2 vital factors that influence their breeding.

Females usually lay around 300 up to 1100 eggs in a solitary spawn. Axolotl eggs are gelatinous in appearance, and also will naturally stay with any surface area, also on the tank. For the eggs to create on normal rate, the water ought to have a consistent level of oxygen. Young axolotls, such as those 10 cm or smaller sized in size, may show cannibalistic tendencies as well as consume each other. Thus, they are generally maintained in separate containers.

Fascinating Realities Concerning Axolotl

Various other amphibians such as frogs, get rid of their gills and tails from their tadpole form as well as establish legs and lungs so that they can walk on land. Axolotls on the other hand, likewise develop both lungs and legs, yet they get to maintain their gills and tails. They can generally take a breath air, as well as utilize their legs to walk; but they can’t live on land. Youthful axolotls walk as well as enable their gills to filter oxygen from the water, while the grown – up ones can simultaneously breathe with their lungs and also even via their skin.

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Why Do Axolotls Regrow? https://petaxolotl.com/why-do-axolotls-regrow/ Wed, 23 Oct 2019 06:51:39 +0000 http://petaxolotl.com/?p=600 Why do axolotls regrow? Mexican Axolotl or scientifically referred to as Ambystoma mexicanum, and pronounced is an extremely remarkable creature. For one, it’s a salamander, which belongs to the course of amphibians that spends their whole life undersea. Why do axolotls regrow? It’s a very rare trait, as few amphibians as well as salamanders remain […]

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Why do axolotls regrow? Mexican Axolotl or scientifically referred to as Ambystoma mexicanum, and pronounced is an extremely remarkable creature. For one, it’s a salamander, which belongs to the course of amphibians that spends their whole life undersea.

Why do axolotls regrow? It’s a very rare trait, as few amphibians as well as salamanders remain their entire life in water, as they go through transformation and also become an adult in no time.

Researchers call this feature of axolotl ‘neoteny’, which indicates the presence of adolescent features in adult animals. In this article, you’ll learn why do axolotls regrow?

Tiger Salamanders for Real

In axolotl’s case, neoteny is discovered in their retention of their gills, which sort of resemble an odd as well as amusing coiffure.

Their external gills extend on the back of their large head, giving them an adorable appearance. They likewise maintain their dorsal fin, providing a tadpole – like appearance; and age only gets them bigger.

Neoteny nevertheless, does not impact the animal’s capability to reproduce. Male as well as females can produce offspring. The mothers lay their eggs underwater.

Axolotls are close family members of tiger salamanders, but the former can be larger. Most axolotls are mottled or black brown, while there are white and also albino selections, which are often utilized as animals and captive specimens.

Cannibals

What’s even more fantastic concerning axolotls is that, this safe and also charming pet can live up to 15 years. Those who maintain axolotls in a fish container as pets are fed with the black worms, salt water shrimp and also salmon pellets. And also when hungry or stressed out, juvenile axolotls can be cannibalistic. They can eat the arm or legs of other axolotls. This animal differs from many salamanders, as they predominantly live in water.

As Mexico City become an extremely urbanized city and also influence lakes as well as different water supply, the population of axolotls substantially decreased for many years.

The introduction of various other animals that compete with food in their community, such as carp as well as tilapia, considerably affected their number.

Mobile Regeneration

Researchers have been amazed with this animal for years, as they display remarkable ability to regenerate shed body parts. And keeping that, they are just one of one of the most clinically examined salamanders.

Mobile Regeneration is the capacity to restore organs, tissues, and also cells, without transplant. However, this is not yet feasible for people, as our regrowth is limited to our liver as well as skin.

Water Lover

Unlike various other amphibians that leave the water and harp on land once they’re sexually fully grown, axolotls stay in the water for the rest of their lives.

They are neotenic, which suggests they maintain their juvenile physical qualities, such as gills, in spite of getting to maturation. This gives axolotls that cool as well as cute look, as their gills appear like headdress on both sides of its head.

Their broad head, large mouth, as well as small lidless eyes nearly always assure you will never ever see any type of pets like them worldwide.

Regeneration Capabilities

Urodele amphibians also have regenerative capacities, but what makes axolotls unique is that, they can regenerate different structures of its body, from limbs, tails, jaws, skin, and spine, all without leaving any kind of indicator of the injury, as they recover also their marks.

They can do this numerous times, throughout their lifetime. Axolotls can approve body organs from various other axolotls, and their body will not reject them.

The quantity of the damage that axolotls can recover from is really unbelievable. What’s also more incredible is axolotls are much more immune to cancer cells than various other animals.

Regeneration Refinement

The very first action in axolotls regenerative procedure takes place right after amputation, they call the process “cell de-differentiation”. In this procedure, cells drop their characteristics, and also become pluripotent-like cells.

This is like making stem cells where you need it, when you need it. The cells construct the structure called blastema, a rounded covering to the wound to collect the freshly de-differentiated cells. Over a period of time, the structure will after that become a fully – functional arm or leg, with no sign of the injury or damages.

Both genetics are conserved extremely across species, which means we have duplicates of these genetics. This is great news because if scientists totally comprehend just how axolotls as well as various other animals can regrow, there’s a likelihood of moving that regeneration to other types.

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Are Axolotls Amphibians? https://petaxolotl.com/are-axolotls-amphibians/ Wed, 02 Oct 2019 06:40:53 +0000 http://petaxolotl.com/?p=595 Are Axolotls amphibians? Axolotl is an amphibian. It is a native of Mexico’s lakes particularly in its water channels. This cute creature needs deep – water lakes including other water bodies (natural or artificial canal) with lots of water plant life. Are Axolotls amphibians? In the wild, they rely on plants with ideal structures, which […]

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Are Axolotls amphibians? Axolotl is an amphibian. It is a native of Mexico’s lakes particularly in its water channels. This cute creature needs deep – water lakes including other water bodies (natural or artificial canal) with lots of water plant life. Are Axolotls amphibians? In the wild, they rely on plants with ideal structures, which cool the water and also allow them to affix their eggs after fertilization. Lake Xochimilco as an example, is called “chinampa” or “floating garden”, as it is where neighborhood individuals spread their flowers and vegetables. In this article, you’ll learn the answer to your question, are Axolotls amphibians?

Fish or Reptile?

This pet can be discovered in these water channels, as well as its branching lake areas. The name ‘Axolotl’ is derived from the Aztecs, which is actually a mix of 2 words: ‘atl’ which indicates “water”, and also ‘xolotl’, suggesting “beast”. It’s not a fish, and also not a reptile, instead it’s an amphibian. Unlike various other amphibians, Axolotls don’t go through transformation and also turn into adulthood. Rather, they remain in their larval state and maintain their gills, which make them survive in the water. They were once a food special in Mexico City and a staple in Aztec diet regimen. Fortunately, that’s not the case anymore since they’re becoming an endangered species.

The Cost of Urbanization

A high concentration of axolotls can be located in Mexico City, especially in Lake Xochimilco and also close to Chalco wetland. Both bodies of water become part of the complex five lakes of Mexico City where the Aztecs developed their city upon. As opposed to dispersing to various locations, these cute creatures gather together in a habitat helpful for their breeding and survival. In the past couple of years, Axolotls got on the edge of termination due to the extremely urbanization of Mexico City, which results to the pollution of its water. Today, they’re considered as jeopardized types and critically endangered in the wild because of their reducing populace.

Pet Amphibian

Axolotls have an impressive capability to re – grow arm or legs, which is why they are thoroughly used when conducting scientific studies. Axolotls, or Mexican salamander, are growing in appeal amongst exotic pet keepers. Their unique features and also lovable physical attributes captivate them to their owners, particularly among young people. Before you determine to purchase one to reproduce, you need to understand a couple of facts regarding axolotls that you probably did not know.

Albino Axolotls

White axolotls also exist. They can also be referred to as albinos . The normal color is in fact black; the white axolotls have this color since they are described as leucistic. They are established from a mutant male axolotl that was reproduced in Paris back in the late 19th century. This is a special kind of breed that has black eyes as well as white tinted skin.

Headdress Gills

One of one of the most significant features that axolotls have is their feathery and also vivid gills. This is in fact a useful component of their body. It serves as the gills for the axolotls. It assists them so that they can breathe under the sea, which makes them an aquatic species.

Wild Axolotls

Axolotls that have been residing in the lakes of Mexico have already dispersed or died since these lakes already became dry. However, it is uncommon to locate axolotls in the wild. Most axolotls are captive – bred in the aquariums of pet keepers as well as labs  today.

Axolotl Menu

As mentioned earlier, axolotls are thought about as an endangered species. The invasive varieties have actually pared down due to various elements consisting of water contamination, water loss as well as cannibalism (grown – up axolotls might consume the young axolotls. Prior to they were taken into consideration a jeopardized types, axolotls were served as food with cornmeal in Mexico. Those that have eaten axolotls compare it to an eel when it comes to taste.

Aztec Descendants

The etymology for the name axolotl suggests its trace with a mythical history. Apparently, axolotls were named after a dog – headed Aztec deity.

Neoteny

Axolotls are among those unusual living creatures that can get right into adulthood without undergoing transformation. In reality, it is thought to display adolescent qualities especially when it has reached their adult years. However, they remain on water all their life. Axolotls that undergo this phase create physical characteristics that make them carefully similar in appearance to a tiger salamander. Nevertheless, they just breed with a comparable kind and also never ever cross – breed with various other types.

Special Abilities

Regrowth is among the distinct attributes of axolotls, which may also hold true for various other amphibians. What set axolotl special from various other aquatic animals is the truth that it can regrow its spine, brain and also jaws, not just their arms or legs. As a result, axolotls are being carefully examined by researchers. They are looking to harness this ability and unlock exactly how regrowth functions for axolotls with the hopes of using this same technology for human beings. It sure is something to look forward to!

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What is the Best Axolotl Size for Newbie Keepers? https://petaxolotl.com/what-is-the-best-axolotl-size-for-newbie-keepers/ Thu, 30 May 2019 15:06:54 +0000 http://petaxolotl.com/?p=510 The axolotl is one of the most sought after pets in recent years, many pet owners decide to take in this pet. The axolotl size might be one of the reasons why people are so drawn to own them. This feature is coupled with baby-like features, ability to rear in the tank, as well as […]

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The axolotl is one of the most sought after pets in recent years, many pet owners decide to take in this pet. The axolotl size might be one of the reasons why people are so drawn to own them. This feature is coupled with baby-like features, ability to rear in the tank, as well as rarity. Aside from this, pet owners like to own them because the size of the axolotl is handy – it makes them very easy to maintain. However, the axolotl size should not be the only reason why you want to keep this as a pet.

An axolotl should not be a problem if you already have great experience in taking care of a fish, mainly because a fish and an axolotl has the same care requirements.

Diet Contributes to the Size of the Axolotl

Axolotls, especially the normal sized are naturally carnivorous. Normal-sized axolotl’s diet contains pure meat and it is made up of many animal species that are found in Mexican lake waters, mainly because these waters are their natural and original habitat. Normal-sized axolotls are known to eat insects, worms, small fish and almost anything that could fit in their mouth – and swallow them whole! Unfortunately, these also include other axolotl and also salamanders.

When they are in captivity, these animals feed on night crawlers such as large earthworms. Even though they are different axolotl sizes really enjoy these food sources, such as bloodworms and blackworms. In fact, these two worms are the most nutritional food you can give to your pet. Aside from that, you can also give them frozen prawns, shrimp, tuna, lean beef or chicken, nd mealworms. Just like other salamanders, your axolotl does not really need mineral or vitamin supplements.

When it comes to axolotl size, they also eat differently. Your pet will eat until it is full, especially if they are adult-sized axolotl. Your pet would eat around 2 earthworms, it would vary for every 2 to 3 days. It is very common for them to not eat especially if they are still full from their previous eating session. Your healthy adult pet could live without any problems even if it does not eat for up to two weeks. But, if your pet is still of a young age, you should feed it regularly and do not go over 3 days without feeding them.

Common Illnesses of Axolotls

Just like any other beings, your axolotl could experience a number of injuries as well as illnesses, this will not only affect the health of your pet but as well as the axolotl size. You need to know how to treat these problems correctly, you need to get them back in good shape, or else it will greatly affect the size of the axolotls.

Stress

Just like humans, stress is one of the biggest problems of the axolotl. Your axolotl size could be greatly affected due to chronic stress, this stress would now lead to infection or even illnesses. Temperature over 24 degrees Celsius, foul water, strong water flow, aggressive tank mates, and untreated water are some of the problems that your pet might encounter. Some symptoms that you might see are appetite loss, this can be seen when your pet does not want to eat on a normal basis, aside from that, you can see him or her hook or curl his/her tail or have forward-turned gills.

Injury

Normal-sized axolotl has this great ability to regenerate. If you cut off its limbs, it will regenerate easily without any help at all! After a few days, you could see that any damaged limbs or gills would be able to repair itself easily – as if it is magic! However, there is still a big risk of injury, as this can promote infection. If your pet has an exposed wound, it can easily become infected, so you always need to check your pet for wounds and always check that the water is in a clean, cool place.

Impaction

Another great problem that your adult-sized axolotl might experience is impaction. In this condition, the digestive system of your axolotl becomes dysfunctional. Some symptoms include low waste production, food refusal for a few days, bloating, and even low waste production. This illness is often caused when your pet has accidentally ingested small stone or gravel. You need to house your pet, whether it is young or old in a substrate with sand as its base.

If there is an impaction, make sure that you help them eject anything that they have eaten, this is to ensure that your pet will recover fast. Sometimes, constipation might happen as a result of overfeeding your axolotl size could greatly be affected. Remember, your pet only needs to eat every two to three days. This would also help them maintain their regular body.

Your pet is healthy if it has thick feathery external gills as well as a fat belly, because these are great signs that your pet is taking in oxygen correctly and a sign for them to eat well. To maintain a good axolotl size, there should be regular water changes to maintain goo water levels as well as temperature. Remember, your pet can also breathe through their skin, so you need to maintain a clean tank all the time.

If there is a grave difference in the size of your axolotl, you need to check the water for contamination, and you could also see the changes in the external gills as well as its behavior. For an ideal axolotl size, the ideal tank should be the one that replicates its natural habitat. You can search up the wonderful canals of Lake Xochimilco and see the surroundings of the area. You can also do a quick google search of a lake inspiration so you would know to make your pet feel at home.

To have the proper axolotl size, you should contact some commercial breeders that could breed the population even they are considered as quite endangered. These breeders usually breed these animals out of hobby and passion for a number of years,some might breed them to be sold as aquarium pets in pet stores.

In giving the correct nutrition, you should try to give a variety of food for your pet. You should not just give one food source in the diet. Make sure that your pet gets enough nutrients such as vitamins and minerals from the food. If you are really interested in taking care of an axolotl, make sure to do a thorough review to know the responsibility as well as the commitment you need to do.

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What You Need to Know about Axolotl Freshwater Pets https://petaxolotl.com/what-you-need-to-know-about-axolotl-freshwater-pets/ Tue, 21 May 2019 03:24:23 +0000 http://petaxolotl.com/?p=506 A great axolotl freshwater includes maintaining a great water condition. It will greatly concern your axolotl’s health, longevity, as well as his well-being. In creating a new tank, you need to go through cycling to properly process your aquarium. You need to do this before you put the animals inside the tank. Your axolotl freshwater […]

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A great axolotl freshwater includes maintaining a great water condition. It will greatly concern your axolotl’s health, longevity, as well as his well-being. In creating a new tank, you need to go through cycling to properly process your aquarium. You need to do this before you put the animals inside the tank. Your axolotl freshwater pet will surely stay healthy if you give them the correct temperature. The tank needs to have stable 15 to 23 degrees Celsius in temperature. Your freshwater axolotl could very much get distressed if the tank exceeds the temperature of 24 degrees Celsius. Your pet could not stand hot places. If your pet is exposed to these kinds of things, it could cause reactions such as loss of appetite, death, and fungal infection.

Your axolotl’s freshwater health could be greatly affected if there is high water temperature. The ammonia toxicity will also rise in the water – this is not only dangerous but also harmful for the axolotls. However, if the temperature is too cold, your freshwater axolotl’s health would begin to slow down. Because if they get too cold, it will make them unwell as well as sluggish. In this essence, you need to keep your tank temperature within the appropriate range. It sometimes is impossible to maintain the right temperature year-round, however, you can use aquarium chillers to cool down the waters. This article would help you set up the right temperature for your right tank to maintain the correct acidity and correct current.

Axolotl Freshwater: The Right Flow

Your axolotl needs to have a stable water condition to promote the needed health. Unlike other fishes, your freshwater axolotls can’t tolerate other distinct water flow. If they live in this condition, you can see that they have a loss of appetite which would lead to stress then would end up in illnesses. Although it is very essential that you have filtration systems, you still need to monitor these things because these things could even disturb the water flow! Spray bars or any flow-spreading outlet could minimize the disturbance. You can see that your pet is distress when you see their gills turned forward and they have a great appetite loss. From this, you need to adjust the flow of the water in your tank because it means it has a disturbance such as being too high.

Axolotl Freshwater: The Right pH Level

Your freshwater axolotls also need a correct pH level in terms of basicity as well as acidity. The correct pH level for your pet is around 6.5 to 8.0, however, you should aim to have the desired level of 7.40 up to 7.60 – this level is the optimum key to make them healthy. Aside from having this pH level, it is also needed that you keep these stable because if there is a slight change in the pH level, it could potentially affect the ammonia toxicity in the water – it would eventually lead to ammonia poisoning. An easy way to adjust the pH level of your water is using salts, it could change its acidity or toxicity. There are also pH-changing kits that are easily available at your aquatic retailers.

Axolotl Freshwater: Chlorine and Chloramines

Another thing that could seriously harm your fish, amphibians, and even humans are the chlorine, this is also the reason why swimming pools are blue in color. Chlorine is known to kill bacteria in water supplies before the water reaches the public.

As we have pointed out earlier, ammonia is another toxic thing for your axolotl freshwater pet. If an unfortunate event, you combine chlorine with ammonia – this would form a product we call chloramines. To prevent this from happening, you should have a de-chlorinator whenever you clean and put water in your aquarium. This chemical would remove chloramines and chlorine and other harmful things such as lead and mercury from the water.

You always need to use a de-chlorinator whenever you are changing the water inside the aquarium. If you do not know if all the harmful substances have already been removed, you can use chlorine testing kits to double check.

Axolotl Freshwater: Ammonia, Nitrite, and Nitrate

Your freshwater axolotls, as well as other aquatic animals, have ammonia as their waste product. Unfortunately, these are very toxic, especially in their unionized form. In this scenario, you need to find the correct pH for the aquarium for your axolotl freshwater. To keep ammonia in the unionized form, you need to have a high pH level. You can do it at pH 8 or even more.  If you do not achieve this, the ammonia could kill your pet very quickly.

To maintain the safeness of your axolotl freshwater you need to do a routine ammonia test, this is to supervise the increase of ammonia and its toxicity. There are several ammonia test kits from different aquatic retailers. You do this task every now and again to make sure that your aquarium is still safe for your pet.

You should always have a test kit ready for your nitrite. Nitrite is a product of ammonia, although it is not as toxic as the latter, it is still better to be safe than sorry. You might think that low-level nitrate is not really toxic, however, if you let it build up, it could be very dangerous – and it could even lead to algae accumulation. You need to have regular water changes to ensure that nitrates contents are in check. Although it is still best that you check the nitrate’s content periodically.

 Axolotl Freshwater: Water Hardness and Dissolved Salts

Aside from ammonia, there is still another thing that you need to look for to fully take care of your freshwater axolotl. The amount of dissolved water in a selected body of water can be termed as “water hardness”. Limescale envelops both the kettles and pipes of those houses with  “hard water areas”. Calcium and magnesium salt deposition is actually the two components contributing to limescale. However, those houses that are erected in soft water areas would not have the same issue. The chemical balance in the aquarium can be seriously affected by the salt. A rule of thumb: hard water would make the water alkaline or basic, while soft water would increase the acidity.

Hard water situations are the best place for you to keep you axolotl freshwater pet. If you see gill discoloration as well as pale pigmentation, it might give rise to a temporary case of anemia. Temporary anemia is not really harmful, however, it gives a bad sign for the condition of your tank. Adding salts in the water of the aquarium could increase water hardness. This technique is one way to solve the water hardness for your pet.

How Many Axolotl Freshwater Pets in One Tank?

You should not really house your axolotl freshwater with other salamanders or fish. Some salamanders, as well as other fishes, might find your freshwater axolotls good-looking. This could cause them to nibble away the gills when they have a chance. Newts and salamanders are the common culprits for this case, especially during the feeding time, so you need to isolate your pet from other sea creatures.

Some of you might think that larger axolotls wouldn’t face this issue because smaller fish wouldn’t dare attack a salamander that is much bigger than they are correct? Well, it’s partly true but there’s a catch, if you house freshwater axolotls with smaller fish, it will most likely lead to their demise. The reason for that is because axolotls are known to eat pretty much anything that fits in their mouths and that includes small fishes, shrimps, and even other smaller freshwater axolotls

You should not really keep your baby axolotls freshwater same reason as the above-mentioned reasons. They might nip other amphibians and it could seriously damage the health. Adult freshwater axolotls have a harmonious relationship with one another and they may not really attack each other. However, wild-type axolotl has the habit of nipping. For all of these, it is still best that you monitor them.

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Axolotl Life Cycle https://petaxolotl.com/axolotl-life-cycle/ Tue, 07 May 2019 03:27:16 +0000 http://petaxolotl.com/?p=508 We must know about biology and genetics before we fully know the facts of the axolotls’ life cycle. Our species would remain in the larval form into adulthood compared to other amphibians, we often call this adaptation as neoteny. In the next axolotls’ life cycle, it reaches sexual maturity. The species is known to have […]

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We must know about biology and genetics before we fully know the facts of the axolotls’ life cycle. Our species would remain in the larval form into adulthood compared to other amphibians, we often call this adaptation as neoteny. In the next axolotls’ life cycle, it reaches sexual maturity. The species is known to have a carnivorous nature. In the axolotls’ life cycle, the small teeth can grip the food after which, it can be swallowed whole. Other than that, they have rudimentary lungs in which they need to occasionally rise from the water so that they can breathe. These lungs are a great part of the life cycle of the axolotl. It will develop after the legs have reached the full length.

Axolotl Life Cycle and Sexual Maturity

It is known that the life cycle stage, axolotl starts at being eggs. Layers of jelly and embryo are the main components of the eggs. The layers of jelly have a lot of water and substance that is secreted when the legs are laid. When the pet reaches around 11 millimeters will hatch and it will become a limbless, young larva. The larval stage of the axolotl will be transparent in their first few weeks. The digestive progress and organs are quite visible especially when their skin thickens. Two weeks after, the front legs will be developed. After which the hind legs will follow. At this point, the animal will look like a miniature adult version. The adult will reach their potential size around 18 months up to two years, it well depends on the aquatic condition as well as feeding.

Males vs. Female Axolotls

Male and female axolotls are easily distinguishable. You just need to look at two key characteristics. Females have thinner cloacal region and have more rounded bodies, the reason for these features is that this is the space where they store their egg for fertilization. The male has a swollen cloacal which is located in their lower abdominal region. Aside from these, the male has longer tails and quite elongated. These are the things that you need to look out for in the axolotl life cycle.

There is quite a discrepancy between different axolotl. Dark brown toe-tips with darkened soles axolotl have gone less in the life cycle, compared to the white, golden, and albino axolotl. This gravely affects their sexual maturity. Melanoid and wild-types also exhibit discoloration due to their toe-tips and this tends to be light instead of dark.

We also need to note that males would not have readily available sperm for mating. It would usually take a male around 2-3 months to produce its sperm and another two months for the correct position for ejaculation. If you want to become an axolotl breeder, make sure that you know and properly plan the breeding season, and also know its life cycle.

Axolotl Life Cycle and Genetics

Axolotl has only 28 chromosomes compared to the humans which have 46 chromosomes. These things are long coils of DNA which tell us how cells properly function. Without DNA, no organism could properly survive. This is why the chromosomes are important.

The reproductive process is a great part of the life cycle of axolotl. Female egg cells combine with the male sperm cells, each cell contains 14 chromosomes. The combination of these cells creates another entity which we call a zygote. This zygote has 28 chromosomes. The zygote will not contain genetic data belong to the mother and the father. This is one great reason why the offspring will get the characters from both parents. This also goes the same for us, humans.

The gametes, the female and male sex cells, have different genes which we call the alleles. These alleles can be compared to codes. These codes are the one in charge of different characteristics such as skin pigmentation and eye color.

The two common groups of alleles are recessive or dominant. The combination of these things would determine how an axolotl would look like. For example, if an axolotl would have a DNA containing the alleles of A and a. The A allele is dominant – for this example, we will take the wild-type morphism and the a recessive allele is causing albinism. If the alleles containing A and A were to be combined, it would produce a wild-type axolotl. While an A/a will form this, the a/a combination would result in albinism due to no other combination. The a allele is both the dominant and recessive, so it overrides itself.

The alleles present on both female and male could well determine the combination of the axolotl’s life cycle. The male carrying a certain allele would be mated to another female carrying a certain allele. This would result in an albino offspring. The breeders can already guess the characteristics of the future axolotl’s babies before it is even bred.

Axolotl Life Cycle: Breeding Methods

It is not a secret that these salamanders are very easy to breed. However, there are still measures that you need to do and steps to take in order to mate the species properly, just like any other animal.

The sexual maturity of the axolotls is between five months and up to a few years. This is a great part of the life cycle of axolotls. However, if you plan to breed these animals, do not breed them if they are under the age of 18 months. You should give enough time for your axolotl to reach its full size. If you own a female axolotl, it could produce more than 1,000 eggs. For females, its body prioritizes the egg production rather than any other process such as its growth.

In an axolotl’s life cycle, you could seriously damage the body if you plan to reproduce it while it still hasn’t developed. Going back, remember that the breeding should be done after the axolotl is already 18 months because it can really affect its life. However, you can breed your pet at any time of the year, however, some breeders might suggest breeding it from December up to June. 

How to Set – Up Your Axolotl’s Breeding Tank

Placing plants inside your tank is a good idea. Live plants are encouraged because this will serve as a laying place for their eggs. You should also place slates or rough pieces of stone along the bottom of the tank, it will give your male axolotl a place to put their spermatophores or their sperm cells.

For mating and the courting process, it is usually the male who initiate the spawning. In the life cycle of your axolotl, your male axolotl will deposit around 5 to twenty five sperm cells on stone tops and also on other parts of the aquarium. In a typical breeding season, male specie would raise their tail and do a writhing motion to the female. The female will, then, follow him. This now will be led to an action around the tank. The male will lead the female in the area in which he deposited his spermatophores.

This is a typical axolotl’s life cycle.

During the hatching period, if you see an albino morph egg, it will appear like bright white after a few hours. Normally, eggs are usually dark brown in color. In the axolotl’s life cycle, the eggs will hatch and become larvae. This happens around two to three weeks. As a responsible breeder, you need to keep the eggs in a well-ventilated place. You can purchase an air pump to make sure that the air is well-maintained. You can expect your egg to hatch around 14 to 17 days or around after 2 1/2 weeks.

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Why Are Axolotls Endangered? https://petaxolotl.com/why-are-axolotls-endangered/ Sat, 27 Apr 2019 10:12:39 +0000 http://petaxolotl.com/?p=503 According to recent events, your axolotls are endangered now. The endangered axolotls are still slowly depleting due to predators and natural disasters, as well as humanity. Humans play a huge role in to make the axolotls endangered. We are a big factor in making the axolotls endangered. It is a fact that we are very […]

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According to recent events, your axolotls are endangered now. The endangered axolotls are still slowly depleting due to predators and natural disasters, as well as humanity. Humans play a huge role in to make the axolotls endangered. We are a big factor in making the axolotls endangered. It is a fact that we are very curious about the things that we are unfamiliar for, with this, we take great interest in knowing these things. With this in mind, axolotls come into the center of the limelight in many interested people, but this is not really a good thing. There is a great debate between pet owners and scientists. Pet owners might love owning exotic pets, however, scientists would think that this species is only meant to be studied. This article will help you understand why your baby axolotls are endangered.

Reasons Why Axolotls became Endangered

In 1998, there are around 2,300 axolotls recorded per square mile that lives in the canals of Xochimilco. Axolotls endangered is the biggest issue in 2014. In that year, there is a great sweep of the lake plus a lot of external factors. This now leads to the extinction of the population of our beloved baby axolotls.

Axolotl Delicacy

Because the population of Mexico City is growing, the government decided to slowly transit to urbanization. If a city starts to be urbanized, we can surely expect that there is pollution. Remember axolotls can’t survive in dirty water conditions. Other than that, some countries consider axolotl as food on their table. Our poor pets do not only face the problem in the wilderness but also would need to face humans that would hunt them down due to their selfish desires, as an example of them becoming food. It is not a secret that axolotls are slowly becoming delicacies, especially the roasted kind. Mexican people like this dish, while Japanese people like to deep fry these animals.

Prey and Predator

In their natural lake habitat, we can expect that your axolotls can live up to fifteen years. There is no issue of axolotls’ endangerment because these animals are on top of the food chain without any predators harming their way. These animals have a typical diet of crustaceans, small fishes, worms, mollusks, and even insect larvae. However, some things are still making axolotl endangered. Some of these reasons are carps and tilapias because these fishes eat the eggs of the Axolotls. Other than that, a large eating bird such as the herons prey on adult axolotl fishes. These are just some of the reasons why this fish is being threatened.

The endangered axolotls used to also live in Lake Chalco. However, because of the the constant flooding, the government has decided to drain the lake. This is to prevent any future incidences involving floods. However, this is a grave news for the axolotl. After this incidence, the population of the said specie started to die.

Deadpool Abilities

Axolotls are endangered because scientists like to study them, a lot. This is another good reason for this category. A great ability of this animal is to regenerate themselves. This regenerativity is very remarkable, this ability has left the scientist at awe. This specie also possesses the ability to regenerate decapitated organs and limbs. Some organs that they can regenerate are the heart and brain. We can compare these species to a common household lizard. They are able to disconnect their tail to use it as a distraction for escape, especially if they are in a tight spot.

Newts and Salamanders

Axolotls, Newts, and the Salamander have greatly contributed major breakthroughs for both researchers and scientists. These people have worked closely with these animals to know the regenerative mechanism and how it can help humans in medical care or any other areas. This is a grave reason why these endangered axolotls are depleting in number. It is notable that Axolotls looks very similar to a lizard, however, we should not mix up or confuse it with the endangered axolotl because the latter belongs to the amphibian class. Among the above given animals, the axolotl has the greatest regenerative ability.

Other Abilities of Axolotls

There are a lot of things that separate the Axolotls from its fellow amphibians. One of which is their regeneration ability concerning their limbs over and over again. This species can restore its own tail, skin, jaw, spinal cord, and even the brain as long as it lives! According to Professor Stephane Roy of the University of Montreal, a professor who has studied this species for years, the axolotl can regenerate whichever part of the limb, upper arm, wrists, or elbow it has cut off. E

verything will grow back and intact. Scientists have cut off amputating axolotls limbs, up to a hundred times, but it still regenerated! Each time, the animal can regenerate the limbs in perfect condition! The same professor has also transplanted the organs of one axolotl to another, and it accepted it without any rejections! If that is not wonderful enough, an Axolotl is a thousand times more immune and impenetrable to cancer compared to other mammals! How cool is that?!

Another cute thing about this Mexican Salamander is its distinctive look for a tadpole. It has a dorsal appearance that runs throughout its body. It also possesses external gills which looks like a feather. Neoteny is a unique characteristic of the axolotl, in which it is capable of retaining its cute infant feature even when they mature.

Conclusion

Throughout the years, our beloved axolotls have grown a lot of popularity, however, the axolotls are now endangered, especially when pet loves to have these perceptions that this species is very easy to take care of. Aside from that, the length would not be an issue as to an animal would only grow from nine to twelve inch in length. This size is acceptable for most people. The whole being of the axolotl could spark the interest of anyone, any one of us is fascinated it we take a closer look.

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Baby Axolotls and Why You Need to Get One! https://petaxolotl.com/cute-baby-axolotl-as-pets/ Thu, 11 Apr 2019 09:57:15 +0000 http://petaxolotl.com/?p=496 A baby axolotl, Mexican “walking fish” or the Mexican salamander, is very different from a typical aquatic animal. You might say that a baby axolotl is a fish, however, it is not really a fish at all. It is amphibian in nature and considered to be part of the salamander family. Here is the big […]

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A baby axolotl, Mexican “walking fish” or the Mexican salamander, is very different from a typical aquatic animal. You might say that a baby axolotl is a fish, however, it is not really a fish at all. It is amphibian in nature and considered to be part of the salamander family. Here is the big twist, although they are classified as amphibians, the adult species of the baby axolotl would remain aquatic long after developing legs or even if they are not babies anymore. 

Most baby axolotls can grow up to 30 centimeters, while salamanders can grow from 15 up to 45 centimeters long. When these baby axolotls grow up, they still maintain their cuteness through their lidless eyes, four long, thin limbs, as well as the wide head. Aside from this, these creatures also have a filament-line gill stalk that would stick out from the back of their necks.

Because of their small number, most of the baby axolotls live in Lake Xochimilco. Adults of the baby axolotls breed are listed under the annual Red List of threatened species of the International Union for Conservation of Nature. It is a sad fact that most of the baby axolotl’s population died out when the Lake Calcho, its Mexican native habitat, was drained due to a flood. In this light, a lot of baby axolotl and their adult counterpart were killed and the remainder of their population lived in Lake Xochimilco.

How to Set – Up Your Baby Axolotl’s Aquarium

The waters of the Mexican lakes is the native place of the baby axolotls. This demands that this species has a number of special needs that you need to address when setting up their habitat. It is a known fact that baby axolotls could grow very large, so you need to give them a lot of room to live healthily and happily.

It is a known fact that an individual axolotl is bigger than any other water animals. With this in mind, one animal should have no less than 10 gallons of water inside its tank. However, it is a key fact that in keeping a salamander or any other household pet, you should give a big habitat for it to dwell on.

If you plan to keep two baby axolotls, it would mean that you would have twenty gallons of water, thirty if you want three, and so forth. Do not confine your pet in confined places. It is a known fact that young breeds like to bite each others’ gills, this would inflict serious damage and injury to their housemate. Remember, you need to give a lot of room for your pets to move around without bumping into each other. This would reduce the risk of your pets hurting each other.

Substrate Requirements

Your baby axolotls or any other salamanders could be damaged due to inappropriate or even poor quality substrates, and this condition could also be fatal for them. It is very crucial that you give the best substrate that is suitable for your baby axolotls. Remember, both adults and baby animals feed through water sucking using their mouth. This method could cause your pet to accidentally ingest particles from any substrate. When this incident happens, there are serious consequences such as impaction. It is a rule of thumb that substrates are not really a priority when you keep an axolotl. You can leave the bottom of your tank bare, this could mean that you can avoid the aforementioned problem. But, please note that bare-bottom tanks also have its con. Your pet could be distress if it can’t grip the surface of the tank properly and walk there properly. Make sure that you have the necessary and appropriate substrate for your pet. In this essence, we can say that sand is the best and safest choice for your pet. The particles of this substrate are very small and won’t cause any problems even if your pet would accidentally ingest them.

One thing that your baby axolotls like to do is play and dig around the sand. Do not be scared, this playfulness is very helpful with their well-being. Playing around the sand would make them jolly and won’t become distressed. Aside from that, we want you to put hiding spots, place plants, and decorations inside the dwelling place. When adding these things, it is best that you are using a sand substrate. null

Filtration Requirements

Experts suggest a weekly change in water. The change should be around 20% using a high-quality filtration system. The reason for this task is that baby axolotls are very sensitive in terms of water conditions. Aside from this, we should point out that baby axolotls can survive in still waters, you need to find a filter that would not be able to disturb the water flow in the tank. There are some filters that could keep you water still, just like some external canister that it sized with flow-spreading outlet. If you can’t control the filter in your aquarium, you can put some plants inside. Plants will help you to block the extra movement and would soften the currents.

Lighting Requirements

Due to their native Mexican habitat, your baby axolotls are used to having low-lighting conditions. Just like any other amphibians, your pet won’t need any special lighting in the aquarium. Your pet could be stressed out from bright lights because they do not have eyelids. Some aquatic hobbyists would prefer to have decorative lights to enhance the environment and view. You can also follow this path, however, this could still cause stress, however, your pet could get used to the new artificial lights in due time. You can also add hiding spots and decorations to ease the process.  But, if the distress continues, you need to adjust the lighting to prevent any more stress. A lot of stress could cause illness for your pet. Due to their habitat, living the bottom of the water, your pet loves to play hide and sick in live plants like anubias, java mosses, and hornworts. This is a good chance to add the decorations inside the tank. Your pet would also love caves and use it as hiding spots. You can also get PVC tubing, shop-bought caves decorations and even plant pots could be a great hiding place for your baby axolotls.

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Axolotl as Pets https://petaxolotl.com/axolotl-as-pets/ Fri, 29 Mar 2019 21:35:22 +0000 http://petaxolotl.com/?p=487 If you want to acquire an Axolotl as pets, you should talk to a representative from your state’s agency. Axolotls are legal in most places in America. They are legal to own but illegal to import from other states. Depending on your state, you may be able to acquire an axolotl from a breeder or […]

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If you want to acquire an Axolotl as pets, you should talk to a representative from your state’s agency. Axolotls are legal in most places in America. They are legal to own but illegal to import from other states. Depending on your state, you may be able to acquire an axolotl from a breeder or an exotic pet dealer/ hobbyist. Make sure to not buy these animals through the internet or any other kind of black – market or illegal pet trading schemes. We highly recommend that you speak to an exotics veterinarian if you are looking for the right breeder. Axolotls as pets are delicate and soft – bodied amphibians with permeable skin which implies that Axolotls should not be handled unless absolutely necessary. They are not social creatures and don’t necessarily need another one of its kind to survive.

The Axolotl is a popular pet that breeds quite easily in a tank; it is a beloved pet not only because of its qualities but mainly because of its friendly appearance. There are a lot of axolotls that live in captivity. There are also lots of axolotls every year that are being used in scientific research and it’s usually because researchers just can’t get enough of their amazing regeneration abilities thus axolotls are studied in laboratories all over the world.

Axolotl Size

Axolotls can reach around 10 inches from their nose tip down to the end of their tails. There are some that reaches around 12 inches or more but it’s quite rare to find one. Once they reach about 8 inches, they can already be considered sexually mature but this can take around 6 months to a year provided that they are properly taken care of.

Housing

Axolotls can get quite large for a salamander which is why you need to provide them at least a twenty gallon fish tank. The tank doesn’t have to be full of water because it should only be a bit deeper than the full length of the animal. Make sure that the tank is kept in a cool room away from bright sunlight. The water temperature should be kept cool, between fourteen and twenty degrees Celsius, and never allowed to get abovetwenty – four degrees. No special lighting is required for axolotls compared to reptiles. A place to get out of the light may be appreciated such as a flower pot laid on its side or an aquarium castle. Make sure that the gravel you used on the bottom of the tank is coarse gravel. Fine gravel might be ingested during feeding and could cause an obstruction which can lead to digestive problems. Some owners opt to simply leave the bottom of the tank bare, although others believe this may stress the axolotls a bit since they can’t get a foothold without gravel on the bottom of the tank.

Food

The movement of live food like a worm is a great stimulus for this animal to snap at it. As for newly hatched axolotls, movement of the prey is the only stimulus to which they will respond. Earthworms are a good food source for matured ones, but just make sure to get them from a source that doesn’t use chemicals such as an organic garden otherwise the chemicals may affect your Axolotl one way or another. We highly recommend that you raise these earthworms or any feeders yourself if you have the time and space so you can also have the option to gut – feed them and pass on the nutrients to your pet. Don’t try to feed your Axolotl with live feeder fish because these are known to carry diseases and they usually are infected with parasites so never offer that to your pet Axolotl otherwise it could be fatal for him/ her.

You can also use soft sinking salmon feed pellets because most owners find that they are well – received by axolotls. These pellets are soft, moist, and retain their shape for a long time. If you feed mealworms to your axolotl, be careful because the chitin which is the protein that makes up the hard exoskeleton in insects could be indigestible to the axolotls. The Indiana University Axolotl Colony, when it still existed, fed its axolotls with high protein and vitamin fortified pellets designed for salmon. The pellets are 45% protein and 20% fat but then they eventually found that the axolotls didn’t like the hard variant of pellet which is why you need to ensure your pellets are soft.

Tank and Filters

Most owners will find a filtered aquarium easier to maintain than one without a filter since unfiltered water will need frequent changing. Make sure that if you have a filter on the tank, the filtration rate should be fairly slow. Powerful filters that create strong currents should be avoided. If you have a filter, safe cleaning would consist of using a siphon to vacuum the bottom of the tank, and a twenty percent water change must be done every week. If you are not using a filter, you will have to do a twenty percent water change every day or every other day. Don’t do a full water change as this can start a situation where the water chemistry changes too drastically that will make your pet uncomfortable. Tap water should have any chlorine or chloramines removed using commercially available solutions. Don’t use distilled water.

Handling and Temperament

Axolotls have virtually no true bone in their bodies especially when young, and this is because most of their skeleton is made up of cartilage. And for this reason, axolotls should not be handled unless absolutely necessary. In fact, they are quite tricky to catch in a net. Make sure that if you use a net to move an axolotl, don’t use nets with mesh as it can damage an axolotl’s fingers. You can opt to use a soft and very fine – mesh net.

Young axolotls as pets may bite or nip the legs/ gills of their fellow tankmates which is why juveniles should be raised on separate containers; this will also ensure that your pets have plenty of space and will be well – fed. You can start housing them together once they reach around 5 inches in length because adults rarely have any altercations. And because Axolotls can still have a tendency to nip, it’s not advisable that you keep them with fishes or other sea creatures. You can only keep them with fellow axolotls once they became adults. Keeping multiple axolotls as pets is purely for the keeper’s benefit and for breeding.

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